Learners are presented with a challenge or task that is open-ended and that places them in the position of solution seekers. The teacher encourages students to ask questions and explore ideas around the task before they get started. Their curiosity is awakened and the task is within their reach. It builds on existing knowledge and areas of interest.
Every LEGO task involves a building activity. Active learning involves two types of construction: when students construct artefacts in the world, they simultaneously construct knowledge in their minds. To construct with others collaboratively extends this learning even further. Solutions we create together are generally better than those we are able to create as individuals.
Students are given the opportunity to consider what they have learned and to talk about and share insights they have gained during the construct phase. In the contemplate phase everyone is encouraged to ask facilitating questions about the process and learning so far.
Every LEGO task ends with a new task that builds on what has just been learned. This phase is designed to keep the learner in ‘a state of flow’. Flow state is an optimal state of intrinsic motivation, where a student is fully immersed in what he or she is doing.