SPIKE™ Prime Set

# Keep it really safe!

Use compound conditions to reinforce the encryption pattern on a safe deposit box.

90-120 min.
Intermed.
Years 7-9 or Key Stage 3

## Lesson Plan

1. Prepare

• Read through the pupil material in the LEGO® Education SPIKE App.

2. Engage (5 Min.)

• Use the ideas in the Ignite a Discussion section below to engage your pupils in a discussion related to this lesson.
• Use the video to explain the lesson.

3. Explore (20 Min.)

• Have your pupils work in pairs to build the super-safe-deposit box.
• Ask them to play the program to see how the lock works.

4. Explain (5 Min.)

• Facilitate a discussion about how and when to use "AND" and "OR" in compound conditionals

5. Elaborate (15 Min.)

• Ask your pupils to make their super-safe-deposit boxes even more secure by adding compound conditionals to their programs.
• Don't forget to leave some time for clean-up.

6. Evaluate

• Give feedback on each pupil's performance.
• In order to simplify the process, you can use the assessment rubrics that have been provided.

## Ignite a Discussion

Start a discussion about iteration or fixing things by asking relevant questions. Here are some suggestions:

• How can you evaluate the strength of a password?
• What's a compound condition?

Have your pupils watch this video to see what they're about to do.

## Building Tips

Partner Build
Split each team's building tasks in order to ensure that everyone is actively involved:

• Pupil A: Super-Safe box
• Pupil B: Super-Safe door and arm

Align Motors Correctly
Make sure that the arm is raised when you start the program.

Manual Unlock
This model has a manual key that can be used to unlock the door if needed.

## Coding Tips

Main Program

Possible Solution

Other Programs

## Differentiation

Simplify this lesson by:

• Programming just one compound condition

Take this lesson to the next level by:

• Having your pupils add more sensors (e.g. Distance Sensor, Force Sensor) to their models to create other compound conditions
• Having each team challenge another team to unlock their super-safe-deposit box
• Asking your pupils to use the NOT function when defining their conditions

## Assessment Opportunities

Teacher Observation Checklist
Create a scale that suits your needs, for example:

1. Partially accomplished
2. Fully accomplished
3. Overachieved

Use the following success criteria to evaluate your pupils' progress:

• Pupils understand what a compound condition is.
• Pupils are able to use compound conditions in their program.
• Pupils can discuss digital security in detail and with precision.

Self-Assessment
Have each pupil choose the brick that they feel best represents their performance.

• Blue: I've used one compound condition in my program.
• Yellow: I've used two compound conditions in my program.
• Violet: I've used more than two compound conditions to create a super safe program!

Peer Feedback
Encourage your pupils to provide feedback to one another by:

• Having one pupil score the performance of another using the coloured brick scale above
• Asking them to present constructive feedback to each other so that they can improve their group's performance during the next lesson.

## Language Arts Extension

To incorporate the development of literacy skills:

• Have your pupils explore the meaning of digital security terminology, like:

▷ Boolean
▷ Conditions
▷ Compound Conditions
▷ AND, OR, NOR, NOT
▷ Encryption
▷ Case-sensitive

Note: This will make for a longer lesson.

The pupils who enjoyed this lesson might be interested in exploring these career pathways:

• Information Technology (Computer Programming)
• Information Technology (IT Applications)
• Information Technology (Oracle / Database Programming)
• Information Technology (Web Design)

## Teacher Support

Pupils will:

• Explore compound conditional programming

CAS Computing Progression Pathways

Algorithms:
Uses diagrams to express solutions. (AB)

Programming and Development:
Uses a range of operators and expressions e.g. Boolean, and applies them in the context of program control. (AL)

Programming and Development:
Knows that computers collect data from various input devices, including sensors and application software. (AB)

Recognises ethical issues surrounding the application of information technology beyond school.

## Pupil Material

### Student Worksheet

Download, view or share as an online HTML page or a printable PDF.

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