Apply knowledge and skills related to energy, simple machines, motorized movement, performance, and fair testing.
Renewable energy sources can be captured and used in many ways. A variety of mechanisms can be powered by a renewable energy source.
The school auditorium is where students and teachers gather together at the beginning and end of each school year. With so many people in one place it can get very warm; they need a fan to circulate the air.
To help in the design process, instruct students to look at the picture on the student worksheet and read the accompanying text.
Let students search the Internet to learn more about the appearance, structure and function of different sorts of fans and rotating mechanisms.
Discuss the constraints and functions they will have to take into account as described by the task.
Your task is to design and build a prototype solution of a motorized fan, powered by a renewable energy source.
Make sure it makes the air circulate and is safe to use.
Suggested Model Solution
Note: You are advised not to share this image with students.
Fair Testing and Fun
While the activity is in progress, encourage students to relate their knowledge, skills and understanding to the task at hand by asking:
Which renewable energy source would be most appropriate to use?
How will your motorized fan work?
What different sorts of elements will you need?
How will you ensure that it is easy to use?
What mechanism will cause it to move?
How will you ensure that it is safe?
How will you ensure that it is reliable?
When finished constructing, encourage students to reflect on both the product that they have produced and the processes they have used by:
Carrying out tests to evaluate the performance of the motorized fan:
- Which renewable energy source did you find most appropriate to use and why?
- How easy is it to use?
- How safe is it?
- How reliable is it? To test if the motorized fan can circulate air, try rolling small bits of paper together and see if the motorized fan can move them.
- What are its limitations, if any?
Recording their design by drawing or taking digital photos.
Adding notes to describe the way the model works and how this might be improved to get better performance.
Writing briefly on what went well in their design task and what they could have done to improve it.
Students will be able to apply the knowledge and skills of:
Applying principles of product reliability
Communicating and team working
Designing a prototype solution or prototype product
Renewable energy sources
Disciplinary Core Ideas: Physical Science
Cause and effect: Mechanism and explanation
Systems and system models
Energy and matter: Flows, cycles, and conservation
Structure and Function
Stability and change
Science and Engineering Practices
Asking questions and Defining Problems
Developing and using models
Planning and carrying out investigations
Analyzing and interpreting data
Using mathematics, Informational and Computer Technology, and computational thinking
Constructing explanations and designing solutions
Engaging in argument from evidence
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
Common Core English Language Arts